Aktau, an administrative centre of the Mangistau region in Kazakhstan with a population of 185 thousand, is located on the coast of the Caspian sea. It was founded because of the developing of the natural resources (oil and gas) in 1963. In 1964 it was called Shevchenko after the last name of the Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko. In 1992 the city was renamed in Aktau again. There are the Drama Theatre, the Museum of Local Lore in the city.