Cherkessk is the capital city of Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya republic. The city is located in the Pre-Caucasian region, on the right bank of the Kuban River. It was founded in 1825 as the Cossack stanitsa of Batalpashinskaya nearby the Russian Army outpost of the same name at the Kuban boundary line. The settlement was renamed Batalpashinsk and granted town status in 1931. Batalpashinsk was renamed Sulimov in 1934, then Yezhovo-Cherkessk in 1937 after the People's Commissar for Internal Affairs Nikolai Yezhov. After Yezhov's arrest in 1939 the city only kept the second half of its name - Cherkessk.
Nowadays Cherkessk is the major industrial and cultural centre of the republic. It is home to the Scientific-Research Institutes of Economics, History, Language and Literature, the Karachay-Cherkess State Academy for Technologies, and the ophthalmological centre. Travelers can visit the Karachay-Cherkess History, Culture and Nature Museum, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republican Russian Drama and Comedy Theatre.