Kurgan is the centre of Kurgan region, located on the left bank of the Tobol River. The geographical position is remarkable since that city is situated almost in the heart of Eurasia. The city's population numbers 362.7 thousand people. In 1662 the site of modern Kurgan was a fortified settlement. In 1782 Kurgan was granted city status. Nowadays the most important sectors of Kurgan economy, determining the development of the industrial complex, are engineering, metalworking, electricity, and medical industry.
Tourists may take interest in local cultural landmarks - the Kurgan Regional Lore and History Museum, the Drama Theatre, the Puppet Theatre, the Local Lore Museum, the Decembrists House-Museum, the Vasilyev Poet Museum, the first and only Russian Ilizarov Center Museum for Restorative Traumatology and Orthopaedics, and Aviation Museum, as well as natural attractions - the Medvezhye Lake, which is often named the Russian "Dead Sea", relic pine forests, and hot springs.