Kyzyl city is part of the Tyva Republic that is under the subordination of the Russian Federation. The population is around 110,000. The city is located in the Tyva basin where the rivers of Bolshaya Enisei and Malaya Enisei merge. The city was established in 1914 by Russian colonists right after the Yryanhov region became a part of Russia. Kyzyl is the geographic center of Asia. A "Center of Asia" Obelisk is located on the coast of the Bolshaya and Malaya Enisei rivers and is one of the main city attractions and is frequently visited by graduates of Kyzyl schools and Kyzyl newlyweds alike.