Luhansk is the administrative centre of the Luhansk region. The city has a population of 468000. It is situated in the valley of the Luhan river (813 kilometres from Kyiv). It was founded in 1795 by the edict of Ekaterina the Second on the settlement of foundry plant on the Lugan river to provide fortresses and young Black Sea fleet with cannons and projectiles. The settlement was growing known as a village called Luhansk plant and in 1882 was raised in the status of a district city. At the beginning of the 20th century Luhansk has confirmed itself as a large industrial city. The present Luhansk is one of the largest economic, scientific and cultural centres in Ukraine. To great regret all buildings that had a great value as architectural monuments were destroyed except Petropavlovskaya Church. There are many places of interest in Luhansk. The Drama Theatre, the Pupet Theatre, the Museum of Local Lore, the Arts Museum and the Museum of Dal are among them.