Shahty is located on the river Grushevka in the Rostov region. The population is 245, 800. The city is second in terms of size and third in terms of population in the Rostov region. In the year 1867 the settlement achieved the status of a city. During the years of 1881-1921, the city existed under the name of Aleksandrovsk - Grushevsk. The city was renamed Shahtyi in the year 1921.