Vyksa has been a Russian city since 1934 and is currently the administrative center of the Vyksa region of the Nizhnyi Novgorod County. The current population is 59,600 people. The city is located near the river Oka and 186 km from Nizhnyi Novgorod. The town originated in 1765 as a result of the establishment of the Vyksa Iron factory by the Batashevyi brothers. By the beginning of the 19th century in the town of Vyksa and its surroundings contained many different working iron factories. As large quantities of energy are necessary for working with iron metal, artificial lakes were created to harvest energy in and around Vyksa. This system of artificial lakes is unique and serves as a monument to the city's natural history.