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Official name: Ukraine

Political system: Republic

The head of the state: President

Legislature: One-chamber parliament - the Verkhovna Rada

Geographical location: in the Eastern Europe

Capital: Kyiv - 2,72 million people

Major cities: Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Odesa, Donetsk, Zaporozhia, Lviv

Official language: Ukrainian

Religions: Orthodox, Catholics, Protestants, Jews

Climate: temperate, mainly continental

Average temperature: from -2,9°С to -1,7°С in January; from +20°С to +24,4°С in July

Monetary unit: grivna (UAH)

Telephone country code: 380

International country: UKR

Internet domain: .ua

National holidays: August, 24th - the Independence Day (1991)

Major tourist sights: 11 natural preserves, including Askanya-Nova, Ukrainian steppe and Yalta mountain-forest preserves; Dnipro river, "Sophyevka" Garden and Park Ensemble (XVIII-XIX centuries) in Uman, Crystal cave in Ternopil, Nikitsky Botanical Garden in Crimea, recreation zones on the coasts of Black sea and sea of Azov, Carpathian alpine resorts; in Kyiv: Golden Gates (XI century), Sophiysky Cathedral (XI century), Mikhailovsky Cathedral (XI century), Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra (XI-XVIII centuries), Kirillovska Church (XII-XVIII centuries); Potemkin Palace (XVIII century) in Dnipropetrovsk; in Odesa: Potemkinska Staircase (XIX century) and Opera Theatre (1887); in Kharkiv: Pokrovsky Cathedral (XVII century) and Uspensky Cathedral (XVIII century); in Lviv: Gothic Cathedral (XIV-XV centuries), "Black Kamenitsa" Cathedral (XVI-XVII centuries), St.Yur's Cathedral (VIII centuries), Old Town; "Field of Poltava Battle" Museum preserve in Poltava, Historical and Architectural preserves in Kamenets-Podolsk, Lutsk, Chernigov, Ostrog; in Crimea: Demetra's crypt (I century) and Church (X-XIII centuries) in Kerch, Genoa Fortresses (XIV-XV centuries) in Sudak, Khan Palace (XVI century) and cavern Uspensky Cathedral (XIV century) in Bakhchisaray, Muphty-Dzhami Mosque (XVII century) in Feodosia, "Ancient Khersones" Historical and Archeology Preserve (V-I centuries B.C.), "Defence of Sevastopol 1854-1855" Panorama and Petropavlovsky Cathedral (XIX century) in Sevastopol, Alupka Palace-Museum (XIX century) in Yalta, A.Pushkin Cottage Museum, A.Chekhov Cottage Museum and Big Livadiysky Palace (1910) in Gurzuf

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