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Uzbekistan

Official name: Republic of Uzbekistan

Political system: Republic

The head of the state: President

Legislature: Two-chamber parliament - Oliy Majlis

Geographical location: in the Middle Asia

Capital: Tashkent - 2,140 million people

Major cities: Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Namangan, Andijan, Fergana, Kokand

Official language: Uzbek

Religions: Muslims, Orthodox

Climate: sharply continental, droughty

Average temperature: from -8°С to +4°С in January; from +22°С to +32°С in July

Monetary unit: Uzbek soum (UZS)

Telephone country code: 998

International country code: UZB

Internet domain: .uz

National holidays: September, 1st - the Independence Day (1991)

Major tourist sights: 10 natural preserves; in Samarkand: Afrosiab (VI century B.C.-XIII century) ancient settlement, Architectural Ensembles Registan (XV-XVII centuries), Bibi-Khanym Mosque (XIV century), Shakhi-Zinda (XIV-XV centuries) Necropolis, family Burial-Vault of Timurid Dynasty - Gur Emir Mausoleum (XIV century), Ulugbek Observatory (XV century), Al Bukhari Memorial Complex; in Bukhara: Old Town, Ark Citadel (XV century), Ismail-Samani Mausoleum (IX-X centuries), Poi-Kalyan Ensemble (XII-XVI centuries), Sitorai Mokhi-Khosa Palace (1892-1917); in Khiva: Ichan-Kala Architectural and Historical Preserve (XIX century), including Kunya-Ark Citadel, Islam-Khodge Mosque and Minaret, Tash-Khauli Palace, Pakhlavan Makhmud Mausoleum (XIII-XIV centuries); in Shakhrisabz: Ak-Saray Palace ruins (XIV-XV centuries), Architectural Ensembles Doru-Siadat (XIV-XIX centuries) and Doru-Tillovat (XV century); in Termez: Khakim at Termezi Mosque (XII century), Buddhist Cultural ancient settlements of Baktric period - Dalverzintepe and Karatepe

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